All About Roses
The phrase is commonly associated with the textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, between January and March 1912, now often referred to as the "Bread and Roses strike". The slogan pairing bread and roses, appealing for both fair wages and dignified conditions, found resonance as transcending "the sometimes tedious struggles for marginal economic advances" in the "light of labor struggles as based on striving for dignity and respect", as Robert J. S. Ross wrote in 2013.
all about roses
It is in Todd's speech on the condition of the working women that the phrase is first mentioned. A young hired girl expressed to Todd, who was staying with the hired girl's family overnight during the campaign, what she had liked the most about the speeches the night before: "It was that about the women votin' so's everybody would have bread and flowers too." Todd then goes on to explain how the phrase "Bread for all, and Roses too" expresses the soul of the women's movement and explains the meaning of the phrase in her speech.
The Women's Trade Union League of Boston had, however, only limited involvement in the strike, since it was affiliated with the American Federation of Labor (AFL), which did not endorse the strike. This restraint on involvement in the strike caused a number of Boston League members to resign. One critic of the AFL's failure to endorse the strike stated: "To me, many of the people in the AFL seem to be selfish, reactionary and remote from the struggle for bread and liberty of the unskilled workers..." Although popular telling of the strike includes signs being carried by women reading "We want bread, but we want roses, too!", a number of historians are of the opinion that this account is ahistorical.
Schneiderman, subsequently, gave a number of speeches in which she repeated her quote about the worker desiring bread and roses. Due to these speeches, Schneiderman's name became intertwined with the phrase bread and roses. A year after the publication of Oppenheim's poem, the Lawrence textile strike, and Schneiderman's speech, the phrase had spread throughout the country. In July 1913, for instance, during a suffrage parade in Maryland, a float with the theme "Bread for all, and roses, too" participated. The float "bore ... a boat with three children, a boy with a basket of bread and two girls with a basket of roses."
The source of Helen Todd's inspiration for the phrase "bread and roses" is unknown. However, there is a quote by the Roman physician and philosopher Galen of Pergamon which closely parallels the sentiment and wording of the phrase. Edward Lane, in the notes of his 1838 translation of One Thousand and One Nights, states that, according to 15th-century writer Shems-ed-Deen Moḥammad en-Nowwájee, Galen said, "He who has two cakes of bread, let him dispose of one of them for some flowers of narcissus; for bread is the food of the body, and the narcissus is the food of the soul." The sentiment that the poor were not only lacking in food for the body, but also flowers for the soul was a theme among reformers of the period. In April 1907, Mary MacArthur of the British Women's Trade Union League visited the Women's Trade Union League of Chicago and gave a speech addressing this theme. Alice Henry of the Chicago League reported that McArthur's message could be summed up by Galen's quote, which she had mentioned more than once, and that although the quote warns against the materialist nature of the industrial situation, it also points in the direction in which the reformers hopes may go. McArthur's version of Galen's quote is:
'Belinda's Blush' is a color sport of one of our favorite roses, 'Belinda's Dream'. Similar in size and growth habit, this rose offers fragrant, full blooms of a light, creamy pink that are excellent for cutting. Canes free of thorns are always appreciated.
This rose was one of the first roses to be involved in the promotional marketing of a consumer product, the Chrysler Imperial car. We can only hope those car owners enjoyed their Chrysler Imperial as much as we love ours! Lovely, long pointed buds open to globular flowers of dark velvety red. The 4-5 inch blooms contain a strong citrus scent .'Chrysler Imperial blooms are a must in any of our flower arrangements as we enjoy the striking color and the heavenly fragrance. The bush is nicely shaped with semi-glossy foliage.
'Climbing Pinkie' is one of our favorite roses for use in many garden niches. The nearly thornless canes are easy to work with when training it as a climber (8 to 12 feet), but it will also grow without support as a graceful, cascading shrub. Once established, it is very difficult to catch this rose out of bloom and the flushes of scented, semi-double flowers simply smother the bush in bright rose pink. One plant on each side of your gate or driveway will turn your yard into a traffic hazard.
Though classed as a Noisette, the full blooms of this rose are more of a Bourbon or Hybrid Tea in shape. The flowers are intensely fragrant, cupped, and double opening the palest of pinks, then cooling to creamy white. Vigorous to about 20 feet and easy to work with, "Madame Alfred" will create a vertical focal point in any garden. Its nearly thornless canes make it a very easy rose to train. We have had flowers from it in January, when it was the only plant in the garden to bear a bloom.
Mike Shoup claims this rose is the best of the "Pioneer Series" of roses introduced by the Antique Rose Emporium. It is truly exceptional! The fragrant, quartered blooms of peachy apricot appear in late spring and are followed by a strong fall repeat. The foliage is clean.
This fine old rose has velvety, rich crimson flowers with a silvery reverse and a deliciously fruity fragrance. The double, cupped form of the blossoms is distinctive, keeping with the rounded shape even when fully open. Like all true Chinas, it is very nearly everblooming in a warm climate. The leaves are small, neatly shaped, dark green, and very healthy. The plant has an upright habit and, if left unpruned, will slowly grow to over five feet tall and equally wide. 'Cramoisi Superieur' or 'Agrippina', as it is sometimes still called, is one of the old roses that can often be found in country gardens of Texas and the South. It is a valuable and beautiful landscape plant that provides almost continuous color.
It shows a woman selling roses on the 6 train for $1 each. A man begins to inquire about buying in bulk and offers to pay $140 for the entire bunch. Instead of taking the flowers with him, though, he tells her to do him a favor and just hand them out for free. The vendor agrees and then the anonymous man gets off the train and disappears. Then the woman bursts into tears.
Rose hips are the round or oval bright orange, red, or sometimes purple, fruits that form on pollinated roses in late summer and fall. Depending on the species, they can grow in clusters (like holly or elderberry), in small groups of 3 to 4 hips, or as a large, single display.
Most hips are round, but some may be elongated or even bottle-shaped. Abundant rose hip displays usually come from plants with single or semi-double blooms. Almost all roses have the ability to set hips, but some types, like hybrid teas, have so many petals that bees and other pollinating insects cannot reach the center.
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All varieties of roses are edible, but the ones with the sweetest fragrance are likely to have the most flavor. Rose petals can be used to infuse liquids with flavor or added to sugar or butter to boost your favorite recipes.
If you want lower-maintenance roses, try shrub or landscape roses, like the Oso Easy line, for a more care-free rose garden.See The Best Types of Roses for Your Garden and get tips for choosing the perfect rose for your garden.
For the best show of flowers and the healthiest plants, rose bushes should receive six to eight hours of sunlight daily. They should also be planted in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. In especially hot climates, roses do best when they are protected from the hot afternoon sun. In cold climates, planting a rose bush next to a south- or west-facing fence or wall can help minimize winter freeze damage.
By far the most popular rose type today. Best grown in moderate climates, although most varieties are hardy up to zone 5. Hybrid Teas are the classic and familiar rose. They combine the blooming quality of old tea roses with the hardiness of Hybrid Perpetuals. These roses have beautiful form, a wide color range, large flowers, moderate growth, and fine fragrance. They are also superior for cutting gardens.
One of the newest types, although another rose similar to Hybrid Teas. These flowers are larger and grow in clusters. They come in a wide variety of colors and have repeat blooms. Grandifloras are excellent roses for beginners, but a limited number of grandifloras are listed or common in the marketplace.
The immediate forerunners of Hybrid Teas and remarkably hardy. These roses are tall and upright and were of supreme importance about a hundred years ago because they were the first group of really hardy rose varieties. With the rise of Hybrid Teas, Hybrid Perpetuals gradually lost popularity. However, they are still grown in collector gardens and in areas with extremely low winter temperatures.
Climbing roses are highly variable and are technically not climbers in the sense of a vine. Roses with erect growing habits of 8 feet or more, and when provided with some sort of support, are known as climbers. These make a striking appearance when fastened to arbors, trellises, and pillars.\
In our climate, wait until early to mid spring to prune your roses. When cutting down your remaining perennials and grasses during spring clean ups, this is the ideal time to also prune your roses. Keep in mind there is not one general rule that is best fit for all roses. The best way to go about rose pruning is identifying what will produce the best form and bloom performance. Here are 5 ways to attain healthy roses. 041b061a72